Waste Water and Sewage

Executive Summary
The ICS project provides the solution to the Waste, Water and the Sewage systems through the provision of remote and local control of the movement of the turbulence of the liquid and aqueous solutions. The ICS system incorporates the combination of different integrated systems that control pressure regulates the speed as well as controlling the gate valves in water catchment areas. The ICS system implements the SCADA technology to take the digital management and control of the wastewater and the sewage. The SCADA technology applies the sensor approach methodology whereby the sensor mechanism gets involved in managing and controlling the intake and the pumps used at the various points in the industrial system. The gadgets controlled include the water pumps the distributors and the purifying centers. The SCADA automates the process of the water supply to enhance proportional distribution of water in industries, factories, urban centers, rural areas, the domestic utilization and the agricultural operations like irrigation. The ICS-SCADA system gets applied in the Waste and Sewage system control and disposal. The SCADA systems monitor the discrete data and information concerning the entry of the waste material within the conduit pipes. The applications of the SCADA in the ICS include the pressure hydraulic pumps utilized in the boreholes gas and oil distributing industries.

ICS Industry Architecture Being Designed
The ICS system shall incorporate the utilization of the hardware and the software integration of materials and components. The structure and the design of the ICS-SCADA system shall include the user interface architectural design, the backend and the front end operation interface. The ICS-SCADA systems architecture incorporates the relational and the non-relational database design. The design of the ICS-SCADA control and management structure shall implement the three tires and the two tire client-server based systems to ensure multiple computer-based operations. The system hardware and software components include the dedicated Remote Terminal Units (RTU) and the Radio Telemetry Units for running and controlling the control algorithms for the flow control (Brodsky, & Radvanovsky, 2011). The architecture also incorporates the input and the output systems for the displaying of the graphics, charts and diagrams for the monitored and analyzed values. The video display monitors and the telnet oriented video conferencing system shall get embedded in different terminals to enhance the remote and local troubleshooting and diagnosing of the entire system. The ICS-SCADA system shall incorporate the electromagnetic field sensors for the detection of flaws and dangers imposed within the system to relay the alarms and notifications to end users. The system architecture shall incorporate the installation of the storage devices interlinked with the data and information repository backup systems. The storage system shall implement the VMware cloud computing system to facilitate the storage of data and information for the future decision making. The ICS-SCADA system architecture shall take into consideration the installation and embedding of the artificial intelligent systems to enhance big data analysis as well as data mining and data warehousing for the waste, water, and the sewage control.

1. Overview

The SCADA project shall implement the Redundant Fiber Optic and the Ethernet network. The system shall use the Node system of linking the World Wide Web interface. The proposed SCADA system within the Waste, Water and the Sewage system shall involve the replacement of the Unix SCADA systems with the improved redundant SCADA systems. The project team shall design a comprehensive system that incorporates the mesh network topology. The network topology shall link over 5000 data points using the SCADA System and connect the complete installation and integration of the control systems (Brodsky, & Radvanovsky, 2011).

2. Statement of Need
The government and the water treatment center shall provide the solution to the general public industries and the agricultural sectors through the installation of the water treatment points and plants in different stages. The current problem of impure water requires the application of the sewers and the pump stations in the water treatment and catchment areas. The solution on the waste dumping and flow require the installation of the waste and water treatment plant at various points of water flow. The sewage control and management problem require the implementation of the ICS-SCADA sludge treatment plant in the urban and the industrial areas (Pramod, et al…, 2013). The various treatment points require monitoring of flow turbulence to regulate the speed and pressure of the materials on the transit network.

3. Detailed Description
The ICS-SCADA system shall incorporate the operational interfaces that gather and conduct the entire system control at the various routes and the section of the interface. The operational strategies shall incorporate the implementation of the SCADA Human Machine Interface (HMI) (Dzung, et al…, 2005). The system shall get embedded to the network terminals and the links to facilitate easier reading and interpretation of data and information. The system shall apply the simplified user capabilities over the entire system that guarantee operational and implementation friendly.

ICS Network Architecture
The main physical and logical devices implemented in the ICS-SCADA system involve the processors, the controllers, and the RTU’s. The entire system shall incorporate the connection of the devices via the neutral fiber optic and the Ethernet network. The processing unit shall manage and control the input and the output materials within the SCADA systems. The controllers shall include the Programmable Logic Control (PLC) responsible for automation of observing and analyzing of data and information (IEEE Guide for the Commissioning of Electrical Systems in Hydroelectric Power Plants, 1998). PLC allows easy programming of different applications. The Physical Control Systems (PCS) controls the movement of materials by regulating the speed and pressure. The Remote Terminal Units (RTU’s) have the responsibility for facilitating synchronization between pumps and the sensor mechanisms. The RTU’s adjusts the data and information according to the analysis within the system.

MSc Business Analytics UK: Top Universities, Fees & Admissions Process 2024

Introduction

The field of Business Analytics has seen exponential growth, driven by the increasing reliance on data-driven decision-making across industries. Pursuing an MSc Business Analytics UK can be a transformative step, offering exposure to advanced analytical techniques and real-world business applications. This blog explores the top universities offering this program in the UK, the fees and admissions process for 2024, available scholarships, and potential job opportunities post-graduation.

Top Universities for MSc Business Analytics in the UK

Imperial College London
Program: MSc Business Analytics
Duration: 1 year
Key Highlights: Emphasis on practical applications, partnerships with leading companies, and a strong alumni network.
London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)
Program: MSc Business Analytics
Duration: 1 year
Key Highlights: Rigorous academic curriculum, opportunities for research, and strong connections with the financial and consulting sectors.
University of Warwick
Program: MSc Business Analytics
Duration: 1 year
Key Highlights: Focus on big data analytics, optimization, and predictive modeling, with opportunities for industry placements.
University of Manchester
Program: MSc Business Analytics: Operational Research and Risk Analysis
Duration: 1 year
Key Highlights: Blend of theoretical knowledge and practical skills, with a focus on risk analysis and operations research.
University of Edinburgh
Program: MSc Business Analytics
Duration: 1 year
Key Highlights: Strong emphasis on data science, machine learning, and their applications in business.
Fees and Admissions Process for 2024

Fees: The tuition fees for MSc Business Analytics programs in the UK vary by university and can range from £25,000 to £40,000 for international students. UK and EU students typically pay slightly lower fees.

Admissions Process:

Academic Requirements: A good first degree (usually a 2:1 or equivalent) in a relevant field such as business, economics, mathematics, engineering, or computer science.
English Language Proficiency: Non-native English speakers need to provide proof of proficiency through tests like IELTS (minimum score typically 7.0) or TOEFL (minimum score usually 100).
Application Documents:
Academic transcripts
CV/Resume
Personal statement
Letters of recommendation
Proof of English language proficiency (if applicable)
Application Deadline: Most universities have deadlines in January or March for programs starting in September. It is advisable to apply early to secure a place.
Scholarships

Several scholarships are available to support students pursuing an MSc in Business Analytics in the UK. Here are some notable ones:

Chevening Scholarships: Funded by the UK government, these scholarships are awarded to outstanding emerging leaders from around the world.
Commonwealth Scholarships: For students from Commonwealth countries, covering tuition fees, travel, and living expenses.
University-Specific Scholarships: Many universities offer their own scholarships based on academic merit, financial need, or specific criteria related to the program. Examples include the Imperial Business School Scholarship and the LSE Graduate Support Scheme.
Job Opportunities

Graduates of MSc Business Analytics programs are in high demand across various industries. Typical job roles include:

Data Analyst: Interpreting data and providing actionable insights to inform business decisions.
Business Intelligence Analyst: Developing and managing BI solutions to improve business processes.
Data Scientist: Using advanced statistical techniques and machine learning algorithms to analyze large datasets.
Consultant: Advising companies on how to leverage data analytics to solve business problems and improve performance.
Operations Analyst: Optimizing operational processes through data analysis and predictive modeling.
Top Employers: Graduates often find employment with top firms such as Google, Amazon, Deloitte, PwC, EY, and various financial institutions like Barclays and HSBC. Additionally, opportunities exist in sectors such as healthcare, retail, and manufacturing.

Conclusion

Pursuing an MSc in Business Analytics in the UK offers a robust platform for career advancement in a data-driven world. With top universities offering cutting-edge programs, various funding opportunities, study in uk without ielts and a thriving job market, students can expect a rewarding educational and professional journey. Whether you aim to become a data scientist, a business analyst, or a consultant, the skills and knowledge gained from these programs will equip you to excel in the competitive global marketplace.

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Business Case vs. Business Plan Research

Introduction
is no better way to ensure success in business than having comprehensive business documents. Although the old school of thought can tell that success in business rests with the entrepreneur, modern research and studies have shown that a business requires both a business case and business plan for success. However, a business may not stand to gain much from the mission-critical documents without understanding them. Comprehensive understanding of the documents requires differentiating them and knowing their application areas.

Business plan
A business plan is among the most important business components. A business plan is an important roadmap through which success in an organization will be achieved. It helps to evaluate business goals, comprehensive reasons why the goals are achievable, and plan for achieving the goals. A business plan documents the future of a business and where the business is headed. A business plan is not complicated as many would have thought. It ranges from a few sentences to hundred pages. However, as much as it will be simple, the few-sentence business should have a detailed business strategy for the future. Therefore, there is no standard way of writing a business plan (DeBoer, 1998).

It is clear that the size of a business plan does not matter according to the above description. However, the business plan should have some formal sections such as title page. Such formal sections will enable understanding and acting on the business plan. Furthermore, a business plan should have three important sections of business concepts, marketplace, and financiers. Such is a successful business plan that is likely to get approved in case it is necessary. The above three sections are further divided into (Viana, 1990):

Executive summary
Organization and management
Funding request
Company Description
Product line
Financial projections
Market analysis
Market sales
A business plan may focus on changes in company’s perception and branding by the customer. If the existing business would like to carry out a major change or would like to have a new line of product or service, it requires a business plan for at least three years. The investors are likely to expect a return on their investment after that period. A business plan can either be external or internal (Viana, 1990).

Business Case
Besides the business plan, there is a business case that may look similar. However, a business case is a comprehensive persuasion prepared by a company’s department or another unit of the company to help in justification of a proposed project by anticipated income. Therefore, a business case helps to capture the reasons for initiating and funding a certain project within the company. It should be presented well and in written document. However, it may be presented verbally or in presentations. A business case works in such logic that an organization’s resource such as money should not be consumed without going to support a particular business need. A comprehensive business case should adequately capture both quantifiable and non-quantifiable features of a proposed project. A business case depends on the attitude and volume of the business (Carroll, 2010).

Project management methodologies require comprehensive and highly structured business cases. Therefore, business cases range from comprehensive and highly structured to informal and brief. Formal business cases include information that also serves as the project background, the anticipated business profits, other options, anticipated costs, gap analysis, and risks involved in the project. The business case project team should also consider doing nothing as an option, but it should include the risks and costs of doing nothing. The company then derives the justification of the project from the above information. It should be noted that business case is not prepared and developed by the project manager. The business case is prepared and developed by the stakeholders and the project sponsors. The business case is argued regarding cost-benefit analysis. The cost-benefit analysis includes both financial and non-financial costs and benefits. The cost-benefit analysis helps the business to have understanding and account of environmental benefits thereby understanding economic effects in details (Hart, 2000).

Similarities between Business Plan and Business Case
Both are mission-critical business tools with an aim of bringing success to the business. Their implementation requires approval by the company’s management if they are to proceed to the next stage. They are also comprehensive and have several divisions thereby making them formal. Unavailability of any of the components may make the management disapprove the documents by the lack of details. Although they may look different, they look to seize an opportunity in the market whose achievement may propel the business to the next business level thereby making the business gain competitive advantage (Boehler, 2009).

Both documents should be developed adaptable. It means that they should be tailored to both the size and risk of the business proposal. Additionally, they are business oriented in that they are focused on the impact and capabilities of the business as opposed to focusing on the technical side of the business (Boehler, 2009).

Differences between Business Plan and Business Case
There are as many differences as similarities between the two business documents. A business plan covers the whole business. Therefore, business plan impacts are felt in the whole business. On the other hand, a business case addresses a single line of product or department. Therefore, its impacts are felt along that product or in that department. A business case also gives room for choices in case the proposed choice is not considered. However, this is not true with a business plan(Walker, 2002).

The two documents are different in what they aim to achieve during their developments. A business helps to give explanations about the company by giving facts and figures where necessary. A business case is driven by the need to implement a project in the organization. Therefore, a business case helps the business in reaching certain goals and objectives by focusing on the current state of the company and how it can be improved. A business plan is about planning for the business now and in the future (Walker, 2002).

Conclusion
There are more about the business case and business plan than what the paper has discussed. However, it was worth to have knowledge of the two mission-critical business documents. There is the need for more research in the areas to unearth more information about them. Although the discussions in this paper may not be detailed, it can be used by organizations that would like to have an understanding how they can strategize for their businesses using the two documents.